Stott, John R.W. “The Living God is a Missionary God”

Stott, John R.W. “The Living God is a Missionary God”
This article is written by John Stott, which talks that mission concept comes not by human’s ideas but it is concept of living God who is a missionary God. In this article, the author potryes God’s mission with the call of Abraham, Promise of Abraham and fulfilment of Promise in his life. (Gen.12:1-4; 17:5) later on, New Testament writers understood the promised of Abraham and fulfilment was not only in the life of the nation of Israel but the  present is an intermediate or gospel fulfilment in Christ and His church. The future will be an ultimate or eschatological fulfilment in the new heaven and the new earth. He says that God is a God of History. In this historical process Jesus Christ, as the seed of Abraham is the key figure and through whom history created (book of genealogy of Jesus Christ where word Abraham was the first). Not only has this he further said that God is the God of Covenant and blessings in order to establish His mission in this Earth through the missions’ activities which comes through the call of Abraham and fulfilment of promised.
However, the author emphasized that God has promised to bless all the families of the earth through Abraham’s seed (Gen.12:3; 22:18). Now we are Abraham’s seed by faith, and the earth’s families will be blessed only by the gospel. That is God’s mission plan before the creations. Therefore, it is the expression that God of the Bible is a missionary God and He controls the entire mission and all missions belongs to Him.
C. Kaiser, Walter, Jr. “Israel’s Missionary Call”
Walter C. Kaiser talks in this article about the Israel’s missionary call during the time of Old Testament because people had a misunderstanding that Old Testament doesn’t have a missionary message or visions. Here, he gives some example of person who were Gentiles coming to faith of Israel’s; Melchizedek (Gen. 14), a priest-king over Salem (Jerusalem), Jethro, a Midianite and Moses’ father-in-law, Naman, and entire people of Nineveh. To convince the missionary call for Israel, the author brings three text from the Bible; Genesis 12:1-3, Exodus 19:4-6 and Psalm 67. Firstly, in Gen. 12:1-3 talks about the proclamation of God’s plan in order to bless the entire nation through missionary work of Israel which was planted on seed of Abraham and we are the heir of him (Rom.4:13). Secondly, in Exodus 19:4-6 talks about participation of God’s priestly family. Here God set apart the people of Israel to perform priest for Him which translate as “royal priest” or “kingly priests” which makes Israel’s missionary role explicit. The same concept occurs in 1Pet. 2:9; Rev. 1:6 as priesthood of believers. Thirdly, in Ps. 67: says that what God gave through Aaron and the priests to all the peoples may be known upon the earth, our salvation among all the nations (especially Gentiles). This text concern is Israel was to be “a light to the nations” Just as Abraham had been told. So, these all passage conveys the message that Israel was appointed as priest to be light and agent for the surrounding nations of Israel as God promised to bless entire humankind.
Johannes Verkuyl: “The Biblical Foundation for the Worldwide Mission Mandate”
Johannes writes to clarify worldwide mission work in three points of view; Universal Motif, Missionary Motif, and the Antagonistic Motif. The universal motif talks about specifically the motif of rescue and saving where God gives his identity as God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and Yahweh with Moses. Later on one nation of Israel with includes the entire world through Jesus Christ. God’s election of Abraham and Israel concerns the whole world. He deals so intensely with Israel precisely because he is maintaining personal claim on the whole world. To speak to this world in the fullness of time, he needed a people and God chose Israel in prepare them as His universal intentions. And Missionary motif says that Israel elections is not a privilege which she may selfishly keep for herself rather it is a call to serve and light among the nations. It involves a duty to witness among the nations. Author tries to explain this call to Israel as the special recipients of His grace, mercy, justice, and liberating power to be presence witness in the Old Testament. The prophets continually claimed that by Israel act of living out her divine appointment to serve, Israel becomes a sign and bridge for the other nations as missionary of Yahweh. Lastly, Verkuyl describes the motif of antagonism based on the book of Jonah where they had a strong feeling of hatred towards the Gentiles. Israel, the recipient of all God’s revelation, refuses to set foot in alien territory to tell the God’s message of judgement and liberation. Today’s in our context, some churches represents that same lazy and unfaithful churches which doesn’t listen to Lords’ command. With this three motifs, authors tells that biblical mission is founded on the universal concept of liberation and redemption of salvation, missionary zeal as a recipient of God’s grace, mercy and justice in the midst of antagonist territory like Nineveh to serve and be a mission channel for Yahweh.
Geroge Eldon Ladd: The Gospel of the Kingdom
This article deals basically the reign of Kingdom of God in Gospel and it is significance. The Hebrew Christian faith expresses their hope in terms of the Kingdom of God which concept is grounded on OT as well the teachings of Jesus Christ. (Mt. 4:17; 5:20; 7:21). Basically Kingdom of God refers to His reign, His rule, His sovereignty, and His dominion which concept develops from the OT perspectives based on Daniel chapter 2 (dream of King Nebuchadnezzar) as article author George occurred. It interpreted that one nations will arise and dominate the course of world history and Kingdom which shall never be destroyed, nor shall its sovereignty be left to another people probably this Kingdom is pointing to the coming of Jesus and His reign in New Testament. Though this Kingdom is inaugurated by the coming of Messiah but none knows the mystery, and when will the kingdom come in term of fullness. Therefore, article emphasises that our responsibility and motivation should be to carry the message of Kingdom till His second coming with the power and glory. (Mt. 24:14). The message of Kingdom is founded on Mt. 28:19-20 a great commission which means a worldwide evangelization until the end of the age. This fact ties together Matthew 28:19 and Matthew 24:14. And it is our responsibility to fulfil the left out task by Jesus Christ before His ascendant which proper biblical teaching to save the world because many lands today are not open to the gospel. There are places like China, remote villages like India and Muslim countries where doors are closed. If the Lord’s return awaits the evangelization of the world by the church, then Christ second coming and His kingdom also will be delay.
Steven C. Hawthorne. “Mandate on the Mountain”
This article is based on Mt.28: story. Through this story Steven C.  brings the mandate for the mission to His disciples where some of them were still doubtful of Christ’s resurrection and His Lordship. (Mt. 28:16-17). There was something different about Jesus as they watched Him step closer to them. The disciple found him alive from the dead. Through His solid resurrection, He communicates them that all authority and power has been given to Him in heaven and on earth. Therefore, the same authority was given to the disciples as great mandate of mission in Mt. 28:19-20. Through this scripture portion like “Therefore…go and disciple all the people.”  Understood as core of mission mandate not only preaching, teaching or baptizing but “disciple all the people.” Here Jesus did not emphasize the process of communicating the gospel rather to bring a result, a response, a fruit out of their life which will completed by disciplining the people which is not an overnight action or task. Also author gives an important to teaching and baptizing. The baptism is a ritual manifestation which lay by Jesus Himself in order to formed new community as called church in today’s context. And another hand, this article also emphasized the teaching aspects to disciple people in order to make “obey” to the Lord and train people to know and follow Jesus in the fullest way that He could be known.

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